Duck & goose farming, which is a type of poultry farming, is widespread in Asia and is becoming increasingly popular in Kenya and Africa. Many keep ducks for their eggs and dark, delicate meat with a moderate flavor.
Demand-driven duck farming can be successful for poultry farmers that want to diversify from traditional chicken farming with proper market research.
In demand-driven farming, the farmer looks for a market first. Duck farming in Kenya can be profitable if you keep in mind that they eat a range of feed and are immune to many poultry diseases.
Duck & Goose Farming Systems
It requires the use of baskets, and when collecting the eggs, the ducks are free to roam and play near a water supply.
It entails collecting eggs first thing in the morning. The ducks are set free to feed outside, such as in a paddy field or in open water.
This is a stall-fed duck rearing technique. During the day, the ducks are normally fed a regular ratio of feed. They are also permitted to have access to a source of water. The deep litter system is the most popular intensive system, in which you maintain them in open-sided dwellings with deep litter on the floor.
Duck & Goose Breeds
The Pekin duck breed is highly preferred for meat production, both in small scale and big scale commercial production, because to its creamy white feathers, huge body, and orange feet. This is because of its rapid weight gain, which can reach 3.2 kg in just 6 weeks. The Pekin duck is a Chinese breed.
Because it is also a good layer, the Pekin duck are a dual-purpose breed. Pekin ducks do not have to brood, which allows them to lay more eggs.
The Pekin duck breed is different from the Peking duck, a renowned Chinese dish in which air is pumped between the skin and the inside flesh before roasting.
The Muscovy duck started in South America and is known for its lean red meat that is similar to beef. It is the only domesticated duck that is not a Mallard offspring.
Muscovy ducks resemble geese more than any other duck. They like to graze and sit on eggs for 35 days instead of the usual 28 days.
Male Muscovy ducks are 45 percent heavier than females when they reach market weight at roughly 11 weeks. The males need 84 days to reach market weight, while the ladies take 68 days. Males have a market weight of 5 kilograms, while females have a market weight of 3 kilograms.
Indian runners are excellent egg layers because of their erect upright stance. They have the capacity to lay 365 eggs per year. The Indian Runner is a dog breed that originated in Asia.
The Khaki Campbell is primarily kept for its eggs, but it also makes a good meat duck. It can lay up to 344 eggs per year.
Mulard Ducks (Mule)
Mulard ducks, commonly called mule ducks, are a sterile hybrid between muscovy and common ducks. Because they are unable to lay eggs, they are kept for their lean flesh.
Ducks & Goose Feeding
Ducks require little attention and thrive in scavenging environments. Using pond, range, or additional green feed can help save money. Furthermore, they usually eat like chicken. However, because ducks lay more eggs than hens, you will need to supplement their diet. Simply make sure they get wet mash because they have trouble swallowing dry pulp.
You’ll need to feed your ducks nutritious food based on their growth rates and breeds. You can feed your ducks kitchen garbage, rice bran, and snails if you’re doing small-scale duck farming. Make sure your ducks are getting plenty of well-balanced food.
Duck & Goose Breeding
Ducks must have access to water in order to reproduce. They normally aren’t motivated to mate if they don’t have it. One male duck can lay ten female ducks. By the age of five months, most good duck breeds are laying eggs. It normally takes 28 days for the eggs to hatch.
Sprinkle the eggs with water two or three times a week, especially if you’re hatching the eggs in a diesel or automated incubator. During the first week, keep the ducklings out of the water as much as possible. This is due to the fact that they are prone to catching a cold.
It is simple to determine the gender of your ducklings. A male duck’s tail feathers are generally curled up. The other option is for it to raise its tail and press its backside against anything. If there’s something resembling a thorn, it’s a male duck; if not, it’s very certainly a female duck.
Ducks don’t require elaborate houses. Only make sure it’s well ventilated and secure. Ducks prefer wet areas. If you’re going to keep them in a concrete-floored house, construct a deep litter that’s about 5-6 inches thick. This is to make sure the eggs aren’t harmed. To elevate it, you’ll need to use an oil drum or a piece of wood. Because they frequently enter their homes with their heads raised, the door should be tall. Typically, each duck wants 2-3 square feet of room.
Make sure the housing is clear of predators, especially dogs.
Selling Duck & Goose Products
Before putting the eggs on the market, you must clean them. Use a filthy towel or paper. Do use water directly. In most cases, thirty eggs are required for each delivery. When delivering the parcels to the market, make sure there is a thick layer of hay or wood chippings to function as a buffer.