How Uganda and Kenya Compare in Terms of Military Power

The head of the Uganda People’s Defense Forces, General Muhoozi Kainerugaba, has warned that it will take him and his forces just two weeks to take Nairobi including protection from external attacks.

Global Firepower, which ranks the country’s military power, ranked Kenya 81st out of 142 in its latest annual survey, 12 places up from Uganda’s 92 earlier this year.

The organization says Uganda has 47,000 soldiers and 10,000 soldiers, while Kenya has 24,000. However, Kenya’s army is only 5,000 strong compared to Uganda’s 1,500.


Kenya’s air force is on top of Uganda’s, although Kampala has recently purchased three Havoc Mil Mi-28 attack helicopters from Russia.

Kenya has fighter interceptors (17), helicopters (87), and helicopter guns (2) for a total of 151 aircraft, while Kenya has fighter interceptors (10), helicopters (25), and helicopter guns (5) in Uganda as a whole. 49 birds.

Uganda has yet to release the results of the investigation into three fatal helicopter crashes at Mount Kenya on 12 August 2012, killing seven of its crew and injuring 23 others. It is said that they were en route to Mogadishu for the African Union Mission in Somalia. (Amisom).

According to the Global Firepower website, Kenya has 959 decorated vehicles, while Uganda has 1,566. But that does not include the 118 new military units that Kenya is buying from Turkey in a deal worth KSh 9.87 billion.

The vehicles are due to be delivered to Kenya later this year. The last batch is expected to be used next year in the fight against terrorism.

Financially, Kenya’s purchasing power is expected to be greater than Uganda’s.

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Uganda has always claimed that Kenya’s land totals 580,367 square kilometers. This dispute began during the era of president Idi Amin Dada. His efforts were to establish the borders between the two countries in Kenya in 1976. Said Turkana, West. Pokot, Trans Nzoia to Naivasha.

Amin said British colonialists transferred these areas to Kenya, bordering East African regions. Uganda has a landmass of 241,038 square kilometers.

He also mentioned all of South Sudan and said that it was taken from them in 1914. This was by order of the Secretary of State under the Uganda Council Order of 1902.

President Jomo Kenyatta threatened to block Ugandan exports through the port of Mombasa and Amin supported him. He assured his neighbors that he had no intention of taking an inch of their land. He added that it only enriches Ugandans with its history.

The port of Mombasa remains Uganda’s gateway to the world, through which it imports and exports.

In June 2004, Kenya reported that the Uganda Maritime Police had set up a tent on the island of Migingo. Each raised the country’s flag, which led to clashes that led to the dispatch of Kenyan police to the island.

The conflict escalated when Kenyan fishermen had to pay permission to the Ugandan government. Kenya signed an agreement with Ugandan authorities. This allows fishermen and others using Lake Victoria to enter both sides of the border. This agreement allowed the two countries to share water.

Territorial integrity

“Kenyans need to know that the country’s environment will never be compromised,” said Monica Juma, the council’s foreign secretary at the time, in 2019.

In a series of tweets, General Muhoozi wrote that the boundaries of this colony must fall.

“To all the people in the country, my relatives and my colleagues. Uganda and Kenya. I’m saying that we all need to overcome our fears. These colonial borders must fall!”

Despite these differences, the two countries continued to cooperate well over time, exchanging duties to protect the country’s borders and those outside the country.

For example, border guards in Busia work together on peacekeeping operations within the framework of the African Union Transitional Mission in Somalia (ATMIS) and the United Nations Peacekeeping Mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo. They will be deployed again in the near future by the East African Standing Force (EASF) in the Democratic Republic of Congo.


Kenya’s air force is on top of Uganda’s, although Kampala has recently purchased three Havoc Mil Mi-28 attack helicopters from Russia.

According to reports, the Mi-28 “Havoc” UPDF attack helicopter will be added to its fleet, which will be produced by Moscow’s Mil Helicopter Plant. More so, it is estimated that it will cost around 18 million dollars (Shs67b).

It is equipped with a combination of air-to-air and air-to-surface weapons, mortars, and unexploded grenades. It also has anti-tank missiles and can fly at a speed of 300 km/h.

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