What is monkeypox?
Monkeypox virus is a disease that affects monkeys. A fever, enlarged lymph nodes, and a broad rash are all symptoms. Many lesions appear on the face and extremities as a result of the rash.
Monkeypox is most common in central and western Africa. Although monkeypox is uncommon in the United States, a few confirmed cases were reported in 2021.
Moreso, Monkeypox is a zoonotic disease as well. People and animals transfer monkeypox to each other and between themselves.
What causes monkeypox?
The monkeypox virus is the cause of monkeypox. The virus belongs to the orthopoxvirus genus, which also includes the smallpox virus.
Scientists initially discovered the disease in 1058. Two outbreaks occurred among monkeys used in research. Monkeypox, therefore, became the name.
The first human case of monkeypox was discovered in the Democratic Republic of the Congo in 1970.
Monkeypox symptoms are comparable to smallpox symptoms. The symptoms of monkeypox, on the other hand, are usually milder.
It takes 5 to 21 days after contracting the monkeypox virus for the first symptoms to appear trusted Source. In many circumstances, it takes 7 to 14 days.
The early symptoms include headache and fever, which is commonly the first symptom, backache, muscle aches, chills, fatigue and swollen lymph nodes.
How does monkeypox spread?
Monkeypox is spread by direct contact with the following chemicals found in infected animals or humans: bodily fluids, blood, skin or mucous lesions and respiratory droplets, for human-to-human contact
Transmission can also happen through:
contact with a contaminated item, such as bedding, bites and scratches from sick animals, eating the meat of an infected animal
Is monkeypox deadly?
According to the CDC, one out of every ten cases of monkeypox results in death. Cases that are more severe are more likely to result in death. Being younger, having long-term exposure to the virus, having poor general health, and acquiring comorbidities are all risk factors for severe instances.
How is monkeypox treated?
There’s currently no treatment for monkeypox. However, monkeypox is self-limiting, which means it can get better without treatment.
Some medications can be used to control an outbreak and prevent the disease from spreading. They include: vaccinia immune globulin (VIG), vaccinia vaccine (smallpox vaccine) and antiviral medication (in animals